To put it simply, adjectives are defined as ‘describing words’ or words that describe a noun, or a noun phrase. The adjective gives more information about the noun, thus giving it more quality in that sentence. For instance, in English, we use adjectives such as pretty, vain, ancient, cold, etc., to describe nouns. Similarly, the French language uses adjectives too, for describing various nouns. However, the position of adjectives in French greatly differs from the position of adjectives in English.
In English, the adjective is positioned BEFORE the noun. For instance: The hot coffee, where hot is the adjective describing coffee, which is the noun. In French, the adjective is positioned AFTER the noun. For instance- Le café chaud, where chaud is the adjective, and le café is the noun. (Oh and by the way, I have used the same phrase as an example in both languages. So le café chaud is the hot coffee.)
This rule of the positioning of the adjective generally applies to most of the adjectives in French. However, just like most rules have their exceptions, this one does too.
Before we get into the list of adjectives, however, there are a few things I’d like you to know, and which you should keep in mind whenever you read/write/speak French.
As mentioned above, every single noun has a gender―it is either masculine or feminine. There is no ‘it’. It’s always a ‘he’ or a ‘she’, even in the case of inanimate objects.
Except for a few cases, the feminine words always end with an ‘e’. However, I repeat, there are a few exceptions to this.
To make a masculine word plural, an ‘s’ is added at the end. In case of a feminine word, ‘es’ is added to make it plural. Remember, there are exceptions to this rule too.
List of French Adjectives That are Positioned Before The Noun
Joli(e) Pretty, Cute
Petit(e) Small, Tiny
Excellent(e) Excellent, Wonderful
Grand(e) Big, Huge
Vilain(e) Wicked, Bad